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34                       THE FATE OF MAN

tries to be like his new god, the machine, the
tendency is just the opposite to that noted above:
not toward wholeness, integrity, but toward
greater and greater differentiation. But man
disappears in both these tendencies, both de-
humanize him. Man cannot be the image either
of nature or of the machine. Man is the image
and likeness of God. The formation of man as
an integral being, as a personality, that process
which began in the world of the Bible and the
Greek world, was finished only in Christianity.
Now we are witnessing a sort of reverse cosmic
process, against not only Christianity, but against
the Bible and against Greek culture. Modern
neo-classicism is deadly formalism, and without
life or power.

The process of dehumanfcation is specially
notable in modern literature, particularly in the
novel. If we consider two of the most prominent
French novelists, Proust and Andr£ Gide, we
cannot fail to remark that in their works man is
decomposed, that a whole image no longer exists,
that there are only elements of sensation and
intellectual or rational states. First of all the
heart disappears, as the central and integral organ
of the human being, as the bearer of human feel-
ings. Man mourns, even to despair, at this loss
of the integral human being, but he is powerless
to regain it. Occasionally he even rejoices at his